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Louisville, KY 40218
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Five (5) Things to Help Reduce Accidents & Injuries

Posted on March 24th, 2017
Posted by Compass Safety

1.  Look at most common causes of accidents.

  • Overexertion. Injuries from excessive lifting, pushing, pulling, holding, carrying or throwing.
  • Fall on same level. (trips, slips & falls).
  • Bodily reaction. Injuries from bending, climbing, reaching, standing, sitting, slipping or tripping.
  • Fall to lower level.
  • Struck by object. Workers struck by objects such as a tool falling to the ground.  (From the 2012 Liberty Mutual Workplace Safety Index).  

Like “low hanging fruit”, pick or go after the most obvious. Conduct JHA to identify hazards and corrective action.

2.  Conduct Safety Training.  We recommend to do one topic every month.  Each session to take at or about 1 hour.  Other topics take longer.  i.e. Forklift, First Aid, LOTO, Confined Space, etc.

3.  Ensure PPE is provided and employees use 100% when required.  Hold employees accountable for non-compliance and speak publicly the “positives” (those in compliance).

4.  Inspect.  You can’t expect what you don’t inspect.  Managers must visit the floor or field and actually “see” what’s going on.   If it’s NOT right….make it right!!
If a supervisor or leader walks past something wrong, and says nothing, they grant permission.
Look for OSHA violations (recognize the hazards and correct them).
Teach employees to be especially aware when they are;

  • Fatigued
  • Frustrated
  • Rushing
  • Complacent
  • (Safe Start claims these conditions often lead to accidents).

5. Review, Respond and Improve: Promoting workplace safety is an ongoing process. You should review and improve your program—especially in response to accidents or “near misses.” Employees should always be encouraged to report newly identified hazards or workplace incidents so that you can respond appropriately.

And a few other very helpful things you can do to help reduce accidents & injuries;

  • Employee Involvement. (Get them participating in various safety activities).
  • Incentive Program (Based on Leading Indicators).

Bart Leist, CSP
Compass Safety


Posted on March 6th, 2017
Posted by Compass Safety

Business Leadership:

Is the ability of the organization’s manager to make good decisions and encourage other organizational members to perform their duties properly.

Military Leadership:

The art of influencing and directing men in such a manner to obtain their willing obedience, respect, confidence and loyal cooperation in order to accomplish the mission.

OSHA’s definition of Leadership;

    • Making organizational safety expectations clear.
    • Supporting safety financially.
    • Being present when key safety issues are decided.
    • Being positive about, and supportive, of others safety efforts.
    • Creating and insisting on a caring company culture.

LEADERSHIP is the single “overwhelming” factor in achieving an effective Safety and Health process that results in fewer accidents & injuries and reduce risk of OSHA penalties.

Indicators of a potential LEADERSHIP problem;

  • Excessive accidents & injuries and OSHA violations.
  • Employees allowed to violate safety rules & policies without retribution. Nothing is said or done, thus employee continues as “that’s the way we do things here”.
  • Managers, Supervisors, Foremen are not evaluated or held accountable for meeting company safety goals & objectives.
  • Safety training & inspections do not bring about the desired results.

Can one learn LEADERSHIP? YES, YES, YES!
Leadership is a learned trait.

OSHA developed the 5-STARS model of safety leadership;

  • Supervision: overseeing work activities to make sure employees are safe.
  • Training: conducting safety education and training.
  • Accountability: insisting that everyone complies with company safety policies and rules.
  • Resources: providing physical resources – tools, equipment, materials – so employees can work safely.
  • Support: creating a supportive psychosocial work environment – schedules, workloads, recognition – so employees do not work under undue stress.

Leadership training class on Friday, March 3, 8:00AM – 12 noon, at Compass Safety.
Cost = $150/ person. Register and pay on our Training Calendar at

Who should attend? Managers, Supervisors, Foremen or employees in leadership roles or jobs.


Posted on March 6th, 2017
Posted by Compass Safety

Training:  What a mouthful.  Lots of questions.  Potentially, lots of challenges.

  1. What training is needed?
  2. Why do the training?
  3. Who needs the training?
  4. When do we have to conduct the training?
  5. How do we conduct the training?
  6. Where do we do the training?
  7. Who can do the training?

Our  Blog # 6 we talked about OSHA training  requirements and  references.  They give us all we need, if we’d only take the time to read it.  Also, ANSI/ ASSE Z490.1-2009 describes exactly how to conduct training.  All our sign-in sheets correspond to the ANSI standard on safety training, which helps us ensure we cover all  the requirements.

At or about 20% of all we do at Compass Safety is training.  First Aid/CPR, Lockout / Tagout, Fall Protection, Hazards Communication, LGE-KU Passport, OSHA 10 & 30 Construction  Outreach Training Program, and much  more.

We recommend you schedule one training topic per month.

An effective training session takes about 2 hours of prep for every 1 hour of training.

Also, to get the most out of your training, think about how adults learn.  And it’s NOT in a classroom (which is how we mostly do our training).  Try to get all the senses involved.

  • Sight (powerpoint, flip charts, props, etc.).
  • Sound (audio, lecture, open discussion, etc.)
  • Touch (props, equipment, materials, etc.)
  • Emotion (war stories, real world examples, accidents /  injuries, citations, etc).
  • Self-Esteem (student knowledge & experience relating to the topic.  Ask what they’d like to learn about the topic).

Although we do a lot of training, we too need to do a better job.  Continuous Improvement is the key.  Always try to conduct your training better each time.  Do your prep work and do your homework!

Training can save lives & reduce risk of accidents & injuries.

Bart Leist, CSP     Compass Safety


How to fix a “Leadership Problem”?

Posted on February 8th, 2017
Posted by Compass Safety

Recent KY OSHA Citation;

Willful:  Safety manager and safety supervisor allowed two employees to work from platform at least six feet above ground with no fall protection. $70,000
Serious:  Toilets were covered in feces. $3,800

How can this happen?  Have you ever walked past a hazard or OSHA violation and did NOT see it or take action?

Sure we have!!  But remember, “if you walk past a violation and do not say anything…you are granting permission”.

But we see it every day.  Supervisors, Leadmen, Foremen, Managers and Owner’s……walking right past an employee not wearing the proper PPE, or NOT wearing a seat belt on a forklift, or a blocked eye wash station, or broken emergency light, etc.  AND NOT saying a word.  This so called “leader” has spoken loudly;

  • It’s OK, you have my permission to continue this behavior.
  • I don’t care, it’s probably not going to hurt anybody.
  • It’s not important, don’t worry about it.
  • That’s somebody else’s job, to say something, not mine.

This “Leader” simply does NOT understand;

  • Leadership (set the example, get the best out of people, take care of your employees).
  • The accident ratio pyramid (near misses or serious injury; they just don’t get it).
  • Company Goals & Objectives.
  • Their job. How horrible, for a person to not understand how to do their job.
  • Hazard recognition & mitigation, Safety & Health, OSHA.

How do you fix the so called “Leader” who does not understand their job?

Problem Corrective Action

I don’t KNOW? Training & Education

I KNOW, but I don’t know HOW? Training & Education

I KNOW, and I know HOW….but I WON’T? OUCH!!!  Big  Problem!!!

You have to get the wrong person off the bus and the right person on the bus. From “Good To Great”.

And don’t fail to notice the 2nd citation:  Serious • Toilets were covered in feces. $3,800.  Unbelievable!

Bart Leist, CSP     Compass Safety

First Aid / CPR

Posted on January 24th, 2017
Posted by Compass Safety

Does OSHA require you train employees in First-Aid/CPR?    YES.

1910.151(b):     In the absence of an infirmary, clinic, or hospital in near proximity to the workplace which is used for the treatment of all injured employees, a person or persons shall be adequately trained to render first aid. Adequate first aid supplies shall be readily available.

OSHA has long interpreted the term “near proximity” to mean that emergency care must be available within no more than 3-4 minutes from the workplace.

How many employees do I have to train?

  • For office, shop, plant – Recommend 2 to 4 persons available to render first aid, per shift. 
  • For construction sites – also recommend 2 to 4 persons, per shift. 

  • If working alone in the field (service techs, maintenance, sales, etc).  Recommend training them all.  Worst case, employee can self-administer first-aid.

Did You Know?  ANSI has a new standard for first-aid kits?

The 2015 ANSI revision introduces two classes of first aid kits

Class A kits with contents designed to deal with most common types of workplace injuries.

Class B kits with a broader range and quantity of supplies to deal with injuries in more complex or high-risk environments.

Here is a very good handout or resource: <>

Recommend a Class B for most sites.

Bart Leist, CSP

New OSHA Recommendations for creating a Safety & Health Program in the workplace.

Posted on December 9th, 2016
Posted by Compass Safety

What’s in it for me?  If you do this right;

  • Risk of Accidents & Injuries goes down.
  • Costs (medical, Work Comp, etc.) goes down.
  • Liability risk (w/ contractors, visitors, temp employees, etc.) goes down.
  • OSHA compliance goes up.
  • Ability to compete goes up.
  • Productivity goes up.
  • And PROFIT goes up.

Each segment, such as Leadership, suggest having a company safety policy statement, assign goals & objectives, identify who does what (assign responsibilities), etc.

Check out OSHA’s website to learn more on their new Safety & Health Program guidelines.

Compass Safety is presenting “How to Develop an Effective Safety & Health Program on Dec 20 and again on Jan 25, 8:00AM to 4:00PM.  If interested, you can register & pay on our website.

New Confined Space Entry requirements for Construction

Posted on November 15th, 2016
Posted by Compass Safety

A confined space has;

  • Limited means of entry and/or exit,
  • Is large enough for a worker to enter it, and
  • Is not intended for regular/continuous occupancy.

Examples may include sewers, pits, crawl spaces, attics, boilers, and many more.

There are 5 key differences from the construction rule.

Five new requirements include:

  1. More detailed provisions requiring coordinated activities when there are multiple employers at the worksite. This will ensure hazards are not introduced into a confined space by workers performing tasks outside the space. An example would be a generator running near the entrance of a confined space causing a buildup of carbon monoxide within the space.
  2. Requiring a competent person to evaluate the work site and identify confined spaces, including permit spaces.
  3. Requiring continuous atmospheric monitoring whenever possible.
  4. Requiring continuous monitoring of engulfment hazards. For example, when workers are performing work in a storm sewer, a storm upstream from the workers could cause flash flooding. An electronic sensor or observer posted upstream from the work site could alert workers in the space at the first sign of the hazard, giving the workers time to evacuate the space safely.
  5. Allowing for the suspension of a permit, instead of cancellation, in the event of changes from the entry conditions list on the permit or an unexpected event requiring evacuation of the space. The space must be returned to the entry conditions listed on the permit before re-entry.

In addition;

  1. Requiring that employers who are relying on local emergency services for emergency services arrange for responders to give the employer advance notice if they will be unable to respond for a period of time (because they are responding to another emergency, attending department-wide training, etc.).
  2. Requiring employers to provide training in a language and vocabulary that the worker understands.

Training typically takes at or about 8 hours.

Incentive Programs

Posted on November 7th, 2016
Posted by Compass Safety

So what’s the big deal?  Your incentive program awards employees for being safe; no accidents, no injuries.  Sounds good….right?

However, such an incentive program, may be interpreted by OSHA as paying an employee to NOT report their injuries.

Section 11(c) of the OSH Act prohibits an employer from discriminating against an employee because the employee reports an injury or illness.

Incentive programs that discourage employees from reporting their injuries may violate Section 11(c).  I witnessed this first hand, in a hospital room!  The employee was recovering from blood poisoning from a small welding burn.  He admitted not reporting the injury in order to get the incentive, which was $100.  Awarded for working one month without an injury.

So how do you set up an incentive program that will reward employees for working safely, yet not violate OSHA Section 11(c)?  Use “leading indicators” such as;

  • Turn in a safety suggestion.
  • Report a near-hit (or near miss).
  • Conduct a safety observation. (i.e. Behavior Based Safety).
  • Report a hazard or OSHA violation.
  • Develop a safe Job Procedure.
  • 100% PPE.
  • Etc…

Recommendation:  Take away the “no accident” for the incentive program and reward employees for positive work behaviors (leading indicators).

Another problem with providing an incentive program that rewards “not getting hurt” is the employee may not have had an injury, but they did NOT work safely.  Thus you are rewarding bad behavior.

Hot Tips from OSHA’s Website

Posted on November 1st, 2016
Posted by Compass Safety

Did you know that OSHA’s website has lots of valuable information?  One could even say “tips & tricks” of the trade (Safety & Health).  Some of our favorites are;

  • “A-Z Index” is fast way to find what you’re looking for.
  • Interpretation Letters: Written in plain English, using the “search engine” one can find answers to almost any safety question.  Sometimes much easier to understand than the actual regulations.
  • Fatality Reports: Helpful to show employees the real-world hazards of their work.
  • Establishment Search: Learn which of your subcontractors have been cited.
  • Publications: OSHA’s Guide to Small Business,
  • E-Tools: Interactive, web-based training tools.  (example – LOTO, EAP, PPE, etc.).
  • What’s New: Lists recent OSHA news.  Helps Safety Directors keep up with what’s going on with OSHA.
  • Quick takes: Free OSHA newsletter.  Helps us stay on top of new regulations and/or safety concerns.
  • Top Ten OSHA citations is always good to know (helps you identify the “low hanging fruit”).

We have listed just a few resources available on OSHA’s website.  If you haven’t looked at it recently, you owe it to yourself, and your company, to learn all you can about our profession of saving lives through safety & health.

Safety Training: Can you do your own safety training?

Posted on October 24th, 2016
Posted by Compass Safety

Reference:  Resource for Development and Delivery of Training to Workers (OSHA 3824-08 2015).

Reference: ANSI/ASSE Criteria for Accepted Practices in Safety, Health, and Environmental Training (ANSI/ ASSE Z490.1-2009).


Answer:  YES!  And more than 100 of OSHA’s current standards contain requirements for training.

Examples:  Fall Protection, HAZCOM, Forklift, PPE, First Aid/CPR, Ladders, etc.

OSHA says “Training facilitators should have a general safety and health background or be a subject matter expert in a health or safety-related field.  (“should have” can be interpreted as “not mandatory”, thus anybody w/ appropriate knowledge, training & experience of the topic may perform the training).

ANSI says trainers shall have an appropriate level of technical knowledge, skills, or abilities in the subjects they teach. Knowledge, skills, and abilities may be gained through training, education, and/or experience”.

Some topics are required to be “CERTIFIED” (Name of employee, signature of trainer & date).

For more information, we offer a four (4) hour seminar on “How to conduct your own Safety Training”.  Register on line at (on our training calendar).

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